- The embankment construction on the soft soil base in bridge head concernes with whether or not there are vehicle dumps between the abutment and the abutment back embankment.
- Back idling at abutment back of Bridge or culvert
- bridges and culvert's abutment back
- refilling at abutment back walls
- Design Discussion of Abutment Back Fill Reinforced with Geogrids
- Fault Treatment for Abutment Back on Soft Soil Ground Base