absurd

  常用词汇  
[əb'sɜːd]     [əb'sɜːrd]    
  • adj.荒唐的;可笑的;不合理的
  • n.荒唐
absurdly absurdity
new

absurd是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 荒谬的,可笑的,荒唐的,荒诞的
  2. 不合理的,悖理的
  3. 愚蠢的
  4. 尴尬的
  5. 无意义的,无价值的
  6. 无理性的
  7. 杂乱无章的
n.(名词)
  1. 荒诞,荒唐
  2. 人生无意义,人生荒诞

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 荒谬的; 荒诞的; 怪诞不经的 completely ridiculous; not logical and sensible; against reason or common sense; clearly false or foolish
  2. 荒诞派的 deliberately emphasizing what is silly or stupid about people and society

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a situation in which life seems irrational and meaningless;

    "The absurd is the essential concept and the first truth"

Adjective:
  1. inconsistent with reason or logic or common sense;

    "the absurd predicament of seeming to argue that virtue is highly desirable but intensely unpleasant"

  2. incongruous;inviting ridicule;

    "the absurd excuse that the dog ate his homework"
    "that's a cockeyed idea"
    "ask a nonsensical question and get a nonsensical answer"
    "a contribution so small as to be laughable"
    "it is ludicrous to call a cottage a mansion"
    "a preposterous attempt to turn back the pages of history"
    "her conceited assumption of universal interest in her rather dull children was ridiculous"

absurd的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. He finally recovered from an absurd infatuation.
    他终于从荒唐的迷恋中醒悟过来。
  2. What an absurd suggestion!
    多荒谬的建议啊!
  3. We have no intention of lying down under these absurd allegations.
    对这些荒谬的指控我们是不甘受辱的。
  4. It was absurd of you to suggest such a thing.
    你居然建议这样的事,太可笑了。
  5. He looked absurd in that get-up.
    他穿著那套衣服看上去怪模怪样的。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The proposal borders on the absurd.
    该提议近乎可笑。
  2. The pleading with Nora is beyond absurd.
    向诺拉好言相求真是荒唐得无以复加。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. That's an absurd idea!
    这主意太荒谬了。
  2. Of course it's not true, what an absurd idea.
    那当然不合乎事实,这个想法太荒唐了!
  3. What an absurd thing to say!
    这话多荒谬啊!
  4. Even sensible men do absurd things.
    即使是有理智的人,也会干出荒唐事来。
  5. He made an absurd comment about taxes being too low.
    他发表了荒谬的看法,说税率太低了。
  6. It's an absurd situation—neither of them will talk to the other.
    那真是一个可笑的场面——他们谁都不愿与对方讲话。
  7. She has a wonderfully absurd sense of humor.
    她极具荒诞派的幽默感。
  8. She makes the most absurd claims about her past achievements.
    她所声称的自己以往的成就荒唐至极。
  9. Jack goes to absurd lengths to prove his point.
    杰克竭力想要证明自己的观点。
  10. The clown wore a monstrously absurd costume.
    小丑穿的衣服可笑极了。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Don't be absurd—you're just worrying about nothing.
    别犯傻了,你不过是在瞎操心。
  2. Don't be so absurd! Of course I want you to come.
    别犯傻!我当然希望你来。
  3. Your claim is quite absurd.
    你的要求很不合理。
  4. Your suggestion is quite highly absurd.
    你的建议极为荒唐。
  5. What could be more absurd than that?
    有什么比它更荒谬呢?
  6. That uniform makes the guards look absurd.
    警卫们穿着那种制服看起来怪模怪样的。
  7. He looks absurd in that hat!
    他戴着那顶帽子看起来真可笑!
  8. You look absurd in your wife's hat.
    你戴上你太太的帽子看起来真可笑。
  9. He looked absurd in those old-fashioned trousers.
    他穿着过时的长裤,看上去很可笑。
  10. His explanation was absurd in theory.
    在理论上,他的解释是荒谬的。
It is/was+~+(of sb) to- v
  1. It is absurd to try to persuade them.
    试图说服他们是愚蠢的。
  2. It was completely absurd to expect us to finish by Friday.
    指望我们在星期五之前完成,真是太荒谬了。
  3. It's absurd to believe that the earth is flat.
    认为地球是扁平的看法是荒谬的。
  4. It is ridiculously absurd to believe that the number 13 is unlucky.
    相信数字13是个不吉祥的数字是荒唐可笑的。
  5. It's completely absurd to suggest that we shouldn't test students.
    建议我们不要给学生做测试,真是太荒谬了。
  6. It is absurd to predict that the sun will not rise tomorrow.
    预言明天太阳不会升起是荒唐可笑的。
  7. It's patently absurd not to wear a coat in such cold weather.
    这么冷的天气不穿外衣,显然很荒唐。
  8. It seemed absurd to try to carry a twenty-five-pound camera about.
    带着一架25磅重的照相机到处跑似乎有点可笑。
  9. It was absurd of you to do such a thing.
    你做那样的事是愚蠢的。
  10. It was absurd of you to suggest such a thing.
    你居然提出这么个建议,真荒唐!
It is/was+~+that-clause
  1. It is absurd and ridiculous that he should behave so.
    他竟然做了那种举动,真是荒唐可笑。
  2. It is absurd that they (should) deny my request.
    他们拒绝我的要求真荒唐。
  3. It is patently absurd that we have to get up so early.
    我们得这么早起床显然很荒唐。
用作宾语补足语 S+V+O+~
  1. Don't you think it absurd?
    你不认为那荒唐可笑吗?
其他
  1. He has a good sense of the absurd.
    他对荒诞事物有较强的识别能力。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 副词+~

absurd的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. absurd的基本意思是指某事物与公众的想法、常识或道理不一致,即“荒谬的; 荒唐的; 愚蠢得可笑的; 怪诞不经的”,可用于具体的人及其言语行为,也可用于非个人的想法或方案。在艺术领域里absurd可指“荒诞派的”。
  2. absurd在句中可用作定语、表语和宾语补足语。
  3. absurd后接that从句时,从句的谓语动词须用虚拟语气。
  4. absurd作“荒诞派的”解时不用于比较等级。
  5. absurd前加定冠词the可用作名词,意思是“荒诞的事物; 悖理的东西”。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
absurd, foolish, fatuous, ridiculous, silly, stupid
这组词都有“愚蠢,荒唐,可笑”的意思。其区别是:
absurd指因为不符合常理或人情而令人觉得荒唐可笑; ridiculous指因为不符合常理或人情而引起别人的讥笑或鄙视; foolish侧重“愚蠢”,多用来指人,也可以指行为,多指因为缺乏智慧或判断力而造成; silly多用于口语,比foolish语气重,指极端的和明显的“愚蠢”,有令人觉得“糊涂”的含意,有时也可以指“傻气; 憨; 不懂事”,指行为、言语等时有“无聊的; 无意义的”含意; stupid强调“愚笨”,常指由于智力低下或其他原因而引起,往往含有“呆滞麻木”的含意,具有较强的贬义,有时也可指事物的“无聊; 乏味”; fatuous含有愚蠢盲目但自我感觉良好以致达到无法认清自己的地步的意思。
absurd ridiculous
这两个形容词均含有“荒谬的”之意
  • absurd:absurd普通用词,强调指违背常理的荒谬。
  • ridiculous:ridiculous强调荒谬到令人发笑的地步。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1550左右进入英语,直接源自中古法语的absurde;最初源自拉丁语的absurdus,意为荒唐的。

absurd的海词问答与网友补充:

提问补充

absurd的相关资料:

正版词典

absurd : 荒 ...
在 《外研社德语词典》 中查看更多...
absurd : 荒唐的,可 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

派生词

adj.(形容词)
  • absurdity n. 荒谬; 不合理; 荒谬的言语或行为‖absurdly adv. 荒谬地

互动百科

  • absurd:absurd adj. 荒谬的, 可笑的 英英解释:名词absurd:1. a situation in which life seems irrational and meaningless--Al…

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