absolute

  常用词汇  
['æbsəluːt]     ['æbsəluːt]    
  • adj.绝对的;确实的;专制的;完全的;独立的;无限制的
  • n.绝对的事物
absoluteness
new

absolute是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 绝对的,确实的,肯定的,不容置疑的
  2. 专制的,独裁的
  3. 完全的,十足的,全部的,道地的
  4. 无条件的
  5. 纯粹的
  6. 有决定性的
  7. 无限制的
  8. 【文、语法】独立的
  9. 独行的,独断的
  10. 游离的
n.(名词)
  1. 绝对事物,绝对真理
  2. 【哲】绝对
  3. 上帝

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 完全的; 全部的; 纯粹的; 绝对的 total and complete; perfect
  2. 不容置疑的; 毫无疑问的 not allowing any doubt; definite and without any doubt or uncertainty
  3. 不受限制的; 不受约束的; 专制的; 独裁的 not limited or restricted; having complete power; without limit
  4. 独立的; 绝对的 existing or measured independently and not in relation to sth else
n.(名词)
  1. [C]绝对真理; 绝对准则,绝对原则 an idea or principle that is believed to be true or valid in any circumstances

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
absolute : 绝 ...
在 《外教社化工英语词典》 中查看更多...
absolute : 完全的, 绝 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
absolute : 绝 ...
在 《外教社统计学英语词典》 中查看更多...
absolute : 绝对的;绝 ...
在 《外教社数学英语词典》 中查看更多...
absolute : 完全的, 绝 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
absolute : 完全的, 肯 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
absolute : 完全的, 无 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. something that is conceived or that exists independently and not in relation to other things; something that does not depend on anything else and is beyond human control; something that is not relative;

    "no mortal being can influence the absolute"

Adjective:
  1. perfect or complete or pure;

    "absolute loyalty"
    "absolute silence"
    "absolute truth"
    "absolute alcohol"

  2. complete and without restriction or qualification; sometimes used informally as intensifiers;

    "absolute freedom"
    "an absolute dimwit"
    "a downright lie"
    "out-and-out mayhem"
    "an out-and-out lie"
    "a rank outsider"
    "many right-down vices"
    "got the job through sheer persistence"
    "sheer stupidity"

  3. not limited by law;

    "an absolute monarch"

  4. expressing finality with no implication of possible change;

    "an absolute guarantee to respect the nation's authority"

  5. not capable of being violated or infringed;

    "infrangible human rights"

absolute的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. There is no absolute standard for beauty.
    美是没有绝对的标准的。
  2. There is no absolute freedom in the world.
    世上没有绝对的自由。
  3. The police have absolute proof of his guilt.
    警方有他犯罪的确凿证据。
  4. We don't like the absolute ruler who does just as he please.
    我们不喜欢为所欲为的专制统治者。
  5. We have an absolute mandate for these proposals.
    我们完全有权提出这些建议。
  6. This reply is equeal to an absolute denial.
    这个答复就相当于完全否定。
  7. Independent thinking is an absolute necessity.
    独立思考是绝对必要的。
  8. I disagree that the property right is absolute.
    我不同意财产权是无限制的。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. Absolute nonsense!
    一派胡言!
  2. Absolute quiet prevailed while he was speaking.
    他说话时全场一片寂静。
  3. He is a man of absolute honesty.
    他是个绝对诚实的人。
  4. He is an absolute fool.
    他是个彻头彻尾的傻瓜。
  5. He's an absolute darling.
    他是个十足的傻瓜。
  6. He's an absolute idiot!
    他是个十足的白痴。
  7. His story is an absolute lie.
    他的故事完全是个谎言。
  8. I have absolute confidence in her.
    我对她有十足的信心。
  9. I have absolute faith in her judgment.
    我绝对相信她的判断。
  10. I have absolute trust in you.
    我完全信任你。
  11. I look upon this as an absolute necessity.
    我认为这是绝对必要的。
  12. I think it's an absolute disgrace.
    我觉得实在太丢人了。
  13. I was astonished at his absolute ignorance.
    我对他的全然无知感到惊讶。
  14. She told you the absolute truth.
    她告诉你的绝对是真话。
  15. That's absolute nonsense!
    这纯粹是胡说(八道)!
  16. That's absolute rubbish.
    那完全是一派胡言。
  17. There's absolute rubbish on television tonight.
    今晚的电视节目简直糟糕透顶。
  18. The script is an absolute mess.
    这笔迹简直乱成一团麻。
  19. The way they've been treated is an absolute disgrace.
    他们受到的待遇完全是一种耻辱。
  20. We have nearly absolute approval.
    我们几乎得到她的完全同意。
  21. We must all learn the spirit of absolute selflessness from him.
    我们大家都要学习他大公无私的精神。
  22. You're talking absolute nonsense.
    你净在说废话。
  23. “You're wrong,” she said with absolute certainty.
    “你错了。”她斩钉截铁地说。
  24. £9000 is the absolute maximum we can spend.9000
    英镑绝对是我们所能花费的最大数目。
  25. Absolute immobilization in bed will do you more harm than good.
    完全卧床不动对你来说害多利少。
  26. He has made me an absolute promise that he will help me.
    他确实答应过帮我忙的。
  27. He must earn an absolute fortune.
    他肯定赚了一大笔钱。
  28. He has an absolute certainty for the team.
    他对这个队完全有把握。
  29. No one can tell the absolute figure of the stars in the universe.
    没有人知道宇宙中星球的确切数字。
  30. Such demands would in the present day include the absolute assurance of full employment.
    这些要求在目前包括确实保证充分就业。
  31. Do you have absolute proof of her guilt?
    你有她犯罪的确凿证据吗?
  32. The detective found absolute proof of the man's guilt.
    侦探发现了那个人犯罪的确凿证据。
  33. The police have absolute proof that he was the murderer.
    警察有确凿的证据证明他是凶手。
  34. An absolute ruler has absolute power.
    一个专制独裁统治者握有无限权力。
  35. An absolute ruler need not ask anyone for permission to do anything.
    专制的统治者行事不需征询他人同意。
  36. Can an absolute ruler do just as he pleases?
    独裁者就能为所欲为吗?
  37. Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely.
    权力导致腐败,绝对的权力导致绝对的腐败。
  38. Gone forever are the days when the white man was the absolute master over many African countries.
    白种人在许多非洲国家称王称霸的日子已经一去不复返了。
  39. Although prices are falling in absolute terms, energy is still expensive.
    尽管能源的绝对售价在下降,但仍然昂贵。
  40. Beauty has no absolute standard.
    美丽没有绝对的标准。
  41. There is no absolute standard for beauty.
    美没有绝对的标准。
  42. Beauty cannot be measured by any absolute standard.
    美是不可能用任何绝对标准来衡量的。
  43. Do you believe in absolute moral values?
    你信不信绝对的道德观念?
  44. Do you think there's such a thing as absolute beauty?
    你认为有绝对的美这样的东西存在吗?
  45. Health spending has increased in absolute terms, but not as a proportion of national income.
    医疗花费绝对数目上有所增长,但在国民收入中所占的比例没有增长。
  46. Her contribution was better than most, but in absolute terms it was still rather poor.
    她的稿件比大部分人的都好,但从绝对的角度来讲,还很不够。
  47. In absolute terms, wages have risen, but not in comparison with the cost of living.
    从绝对意义上说,工资是提高了,但同生活费用相比较就不能这样说了。
  48. Is there such a thing as absolute truth?
    有没有绝对真理这样的事物存在?
  49. It is an absolute fact that the earth goes round the sun.
    地球绕着太阳转是绝对的真理。
  50. The accused was given an absolute discharge because of new evidence.
    由于有新的证据,被告被宣告无罪释放。
  51. He gave his very absolute approval.
    他几乎无条件赞同。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. He taught us that the laws of physics were absolute.
    他教导我们说,物理定律是不容置疑的。
  2. His power was absolute.
    他的权力是不受限制的。
  3. The divorce became absolute last week.
    离婚在上周已成定局。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Right and wrong are, for her, moral absolutes.
    她认为,是与非是道德上的绝对准则。
  2. Literature does not exist in some timeless absolute.
    文学不能存在于一个不受时间限制的绝对条件之下。
  3. One cannot proceed on the basis of rigid absolutes, such as “divorce is always wrong”.
    人们不能根据诸如“离婚总是错误”这样一些刻板的绝对原则行事。

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词

经典引文

  • Where mariners be English: who are the absolutest..in their profession.

    出自:G. Sandys

absolute的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. absolute的基本意思是“绝对的”,主要用于强调观点、情感或说法,即“十足的; 完全的; 纯粹的”“确实的; 毫无疑问的”; 也可指权威者不受制约地任意行使权力或权威,即“不受约束的; 专制独裁的”; 还可指不依赖其他事物而独立存在的,即“无条件的”,主要用于抽象事物,如时间、空间、量度等; 偶尔也可指“不掺杂异物的”。
  2. absolute在句中主要用作定语,偶尔也可用作表语。作“不容置疑的; 毫无疑问的”解时仅用于名词前;作“独立的; 绝对的”解时通常用于名词前。
  3. absolute表示极限意义,不用于比较等级,也不可用表示强调程度的very等副词修饰(有限定词修饰时例外),但是可用nearly等副词修饰。
n.(名词)
  1. absolute用作名词时指的是其存在或特征等不受制于外界条件的、任何情况下都正确的绝对事物、思想或原理。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
absolute, arbitrary, tyrannical
这组词都有“不受制约地行使权力或权威”的意思。其区别是:
1.从意思上说:absolute指“无条件的; 绝对的”,主要用于描述权威或权威者; arbitrary指“专横的; 任性的”,指按个人当时的意愿而不顾宪法和法律任意行使或滥用权力,强调随心所欲和个人私利; tyrannical指“专制的,暴君的”,强调滥用权力,苛求和压迫他人。
2.从使用范围上说:absolute可指一个人或一个集团; arbitrary指个人; tyrannical不指人,也不指政府,而指任何滥用权威的现象。
下面两个短语意思不同:
  • absolute alcohol
  • 无水酒精
  • pure alcohol
  • 纯酒精(除含少量水外无其他杂质)

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的absolutus,意为绝对的。

absolute的海词问答与网友补充:

提问补充

absolute的相关资料:

正版词典

absolute : 完全的,全 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...
absolute : 绝 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

派生词

n.(名词)
  • absolutely adv. 完全地‖absolution n. 赦罪,免罪‖absolutism n. 专制主义(制度); 独裁政治

互动百科

  • absolute:absolute adj. 完全的, 绝对的 英英解释:名词absolute:1. something that is conceived to be absolute; something that…

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