about

  基本词汇  
[ə'baʊt]     [ə'baʊt]    
  • prep.关于;大约;在 ... 周围
  • adv.大约;附近;到处;在周围
  • adj.即将的;正要的;在流行中的
new

about是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

prep.(介词)
  1. 关于,对于
  2. 从事于,忙于
  3. 在...的附近,在...的周围 ,在...的身边
  4. 大约在...时候
  5. 在...身上
  6. 在...的性格中
  7. 围绕
  8. 在…到处,在…四处
adv.(副词)
  1. 大约,左右,将近
  2. 到处,处处,四处,各处
  3. 几乎,差不多
  4. 周围
  5. 在附近,在近处,附近
  6. 在四周
  7. 向相反方向,向后转,掉转方向
  8. 凌乱地

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
about : 在…周围, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. on the move;

    "up and about"
    "the whole town was astir over the incident"

Adverb:
  1. (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct;

    "lasted approximately an hour"
    "in just about a minute"
    "he's about 30 years old"
    "I've had about all I can stand"
    "we meet about once a month"
    "some forty people came"
    "weighs around a hundred pounds"
    "roughly $3,000"
    "holds 3 gallons, more or less"
    "20 or so people were at the party"

  2. all around or on all sides;

    "dirty clothes lying around (or about)"
    "let's look about for help"
    "There were trees growing all around"
    "she looked around her"

  3. in the area or vicinity;

    "a few spectators standing about"
    "hanging around"
    "waited around for the next flight"

  4. used of movement to or among many different places or in no particular direction;

    "wandering about with no place to go"
    "people were rushing about"
    "news gets around (or about)"
    "traveled around in Asia"
    "he needs advice from someone who's been around"
    "she sleeps around"

  5. in or to a reversed position or direction;

    "about face"
    "suddenly she turned around"

  6. in rotation or succession;

    "turn about is fair play"

  7. (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished; all but;

    "the job is (just) about done"
    "the baby was almost asleep when the alarm sounded"
    "we're almost finished"
    "the car all but ran her down"
    "he nearly fainted"
    "talked for nigh onto 2 hours"
    "the recording is well-nigh perfect"
    "virtually all the parties signed the contract"
    "I was near exhausted by the run"
    "most everyone agrees"

about的用法和样例:

例句

用作介词 (prep.)
  1. Tell me all about it.
    告诉我关于这件事的一切。
  2. It is about six o'clock now.
    现在是六点钟左右。
  3. All about us in the store were piles of goods.
    在这家店里,我们周围到处都是成堆的商品。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. Dinner is about ready.
    中饭就要做好了。
  2. He spoke to a few spectators standing about.
    他和站在附近的围观者交谈。
  3. He's eighty now, and doesn't get about much any more.
    他现在80岁了,不能再到处走动了。
  4. He glanced quickly about and then stepped aside.
    他向四周扫了一眼,然后站在一旁。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. He was about to start.
    他即将动身。
  2. A new book is about to be brought out.
    一本新书即将出版。
  3. I was about to go out when he called on me.
    当他来访时,我正要外出。
  4. There is a rumor about that they're getting divorced.
    正传闻说他们要离婚。

词汇搭配

经典引文

  • A mead Bordered about with warbling water brooks.

    出自:W. Owen
  • Be wary, look about.

    出自:Romeo Juliet,Shakespeare

about的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 在指“不久就要……”时,后通常接不定式,如about to start。也有接动名词,如about starting。但是不可再加表示时间的词,如不可说about starting at once;
  2. 指“大约”的意思时,表达方式有about ten,about half等。注意ten和half都是明确的数量,about不该用在“多少不定”的词前,如about more than ten,about less than half;
  3. 与at搭配使用时,about是副词,没有at时,about 是介词。句中可有at,也可没有,意思相同。

    I went (at) about five (o'clock).

  4. about + 不定式,表示“即将要去做某事”。

    Don't go out now - we're about to have lunch.

  5. about与动词go组成短语时,为副词,意为“着手做,从事”。

词义辨析

about around round
这些词均有“在周围、在附近”之意。
  • about:about既可表静态,也可表动态。
  • around:around主要用于美国,静态或动态均可。
  • round:round主要用于英国,多半指动态。
almost nearly about approximately around roughly
这些副词均有“大约,差不多”之意。
  • almost:almost指在程度上相差很小,差不多。
  • nearly:nearly与almost含义基本相同,侧重指数量、时间或空间上的接近。
  • about:about常可分almost和nearly换用,但about用于表示时间、数量的“大约”时,实际数量可能多也可能少。
  • approximately:approximately多用于书面语,指精确度接近某个标准以致误差可忽略不计。
  • around:around多用于非正式场合,常见于美国英语。
  • roughly:roughly指按粗略估计,常代替about。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:It's the right way to go about the problem.

    纠正:It 's the right way to tackle the problem.

    翻译:这才是处理该问题的正确方法。

    分析:我们不能说从事(go about)问题,而是处理问题。

词源解说

  • ☆ 9世纪前进入英语,直接源自古英语的onbutan,意为在……之外。

about的海词问答与网友补充:

提问补充

网友补充
  • [短语词组]look about向四周看,talk about 谈论,think about 考虑,know about 了解

    贡献者: 海词网友 2013-01-08 有用报错

about的相关资料:

正版词典

about : 连接端,榫 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
about : 关于;与… ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【近义词】

互动百科

  • about:aboutKK: 【】DJ: 【】 prep.1. 关于,对于My mother often spoke to me about you.家母常和我谈起你。2. 在...的附近;在...的周围She…

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