abolish

  常用词汇  
[ə'bɒlɪʃ]     [ə'bɑːlɪʃ]    
  • vt. 废除;革除;消灭
abolishable abolisher abolished abolished abolishing abolishes
new

abolish的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 废止
  2. 废除
  3. 彻底破坏
  4. 消灭
  5. 撤销
  6. 取消
  7. 革除
  8. (尤指)使(法律)无效
  9. 完全破坏

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 废除; 取消 officially end a law, a system or an institution; bring to an end by law; stop

英英释义

Verb:
  1. do away with;

    "Slavery was abolished in the mid-19th century in America and in Russia"

abolish的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Abraham Lincoln abolished slavery in the United States.
    亚伯拉罕·林肯在美国废除了奴隶制。
  2. There are many bad customs and laws that ought to be abolished.
    有许多不良的习俗和法规应予以废除。
  3. They petitioned the government to abolish hanging.
    他们向政府请愿,要求废除绞刑。
  4. The legislature passed a law to abolish the surtax.
    立法机关通过了一项废除附加税的法令。
  5. The weapons of war must be abolished before they abolish us.
    在作战武器消灭我们以前,我们应先把它消灭。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The Americans abolished slavery in 1863.
    美国于1863年废除奴隶制度。
  2. The Emancipation Proclamation abolished slavery in the United States.
    《解放宣言》废除了美国的奴隶制度。
  3. The country abolished its monarchy and became a republic.
    这个国家废除君主制成为共和国。
  4. Do abolish this kind of bad custom.
    一定要废除这种不好的习俗。
  5. Should we abolish the death penalty?
    我们应当废止死刑吗?
  6. These laws are contradictary to each other and it is quite necessary to abolish or revise them.
    这些法律相互矛盾,很有必要将它们废除或修订。
  7. Some MPs want to abolish the tax altogether.
    一些国会议员想完全废除这项征税。
  8. The government abolished the tax on food.
    政府取消了食品税。
  9. They abolished a department last year.
    他们去年撤销了一个部门。
  10. No plan will be accepted unless it abolishes poverty.
    任何计划都是不可接受的,除非它消除贫困。
  11. A fog abolished the landscape
    大雾把山水景象笼罩了个严实。
  12. Some students would like to abolish homework.
    有些学生希望取消家庭作业。
  13. 1
  14. Has slavery been completely abolished?
    奴隶制已经完全废除了吗?
  15. Slavery was finally abolished in the U.S.in 1863.
    美国最终在1863年废除了奴隶制度。
  16. Prohibition was abolished in 1933.
    禁酒令于1933年废除。
  17. With the founding of new China all the unequal treaties were abolished.
    新中国成立后废除了一切不平等条约。
  18. Corporal punishment must be abolished in trying criminals.
    审讯犯人时必须废止肉刑。
  19. Capital punishment was abolished in a few countries.
    好几个国家废除了极刑。
  20. There are many bad customs and laws that ought to be abolished.
    许多不好的习俗和法律应当予以废止。
  21. This tax should be abolished.
    这种税应该取消。
  22. Taxation should be abolished on lower incomes.
    低收入者应免予征税。
  23. Food rationing was abolished in that country long ago.
    那个国家早就取消了粮食配给制。
  24. This institution must be abolished.
    这个机构必须撤销。
  25. If war could be abolished, armies and navies would be unnecessary.
    如果战争可以废止,陆军和海军就不再需要了。
  26. Foreign exchange controls were largely abolished.
    外汇管制基本上已撤销。
  27. I think bullfighting should be abolished.
    我认为斗牛应被废止。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
动词+~ ~+名词 ~+副词

abolish的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. abolish是正式用词,基本意思是正式停止或终止某事的存在活动或执行,全部或永远“废除,废止,取消”,强调其明确性和彻底性。其对象通常是法律、制度、规则、条约、战争、刑罚、机构、风俗、思想、弊端、权力等,一般不用于人或物。abolish有时也可作“破坏”解。
  2. abolish是及物动词,接简单宾语,可用于被动结构。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
abolish, cancel, do away with, omit, repeal
  • 这组词都有“废除,取消”的意思。其区别是:
  • 1.从搭配上说:abolish常用于旧的法律、规章、风俗、习惯或社会制度等; cancel常用于契约、合同、特许、约束、义务、个人债务、安排、计划、会议、假期、约会、证书等; do away with常用于去掉某种习惯,免去客套,停止某种活动等; omit一般用于字、词、句等方面; repeal 通常用于法律法规。
  • 2.从意思上说:abolish强调彻底废除; cancel指令其失去效力或取消已有的安排; repeal强调立法机关自己废止或者通过公民投票的方式废止。
  • 3.从用法上说:do away with是不可分性习语; abolish, cancel, omit, repeal都是及物动词,接简单宾语, omit常用于被动语态, cancel有时还可用作不及物动词。
  • abolish, abate, annihilate, extinguish
  • 这组词语都有“使…不复存在”的意思。其区别是:
  • 1.在意思上,abolish强调其明确性,即明确地终止或使某物不复存在或不再活动;annihilate强调其彻底性,即彻底摧毁,使其无法再生;abate强调其渐进性,即逐渐减少或消失,语义较弱;而extinguish则强调其动因和力量,而不强调其结果。
  • 例如:
  • The flood annihilated over thirty towns and villages.洪水冲毁了30多个村镇。
  • The wind seems to be abating.风势似乎减弱了。
  • You may extinguish a nation, but not the love of liberty.你能灭亡一个国家,但却不能消灭人们对自由的热爱。
  • 2.在搭配上,abolish一般用于习惯、传统、条件、概念等,较少用于有形的人或物;而abate则主要指风势、洪水、疼痛、愤怒等。
  • 3.在法律上,abolish和annihilate都指一般的废除,annihilate的语气更强些;extinguish指使通过决议或决定无效来取消某一权利或义务;abate则指通过法律决定来废除或使结束。
  • The invasion force was annihilated.入侵的部队被歼灭。
  • Three survivors told how the enemy annihilated the regiment.三个幸存者叙述敌人是如何消灭哪个团的。
  • The flood annihilated over thirty towns and villages.洪水冲毁了30多个村镇。
  • One failure after another extinguished her hope.屡次失败使她的希望破灭了。
  • You may extinguish a nation, but not the love of liberty.你能灭亡一个国家,但却不能消灭人们对自由的热爱。
  • The wind seems to be abating.风势似乎减弱了。
  • The legacies were abated pro rata to pay debts.遗产因为按比例支付债务而减少。
  • His anger abated.他的怒气消了。
  • He began his own abolitionist newspaper, The North Star .他自己创办了主张废除奴隶制的报纸《北方之星》。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 15世纪中期进入英语,直接源自中古法语的aboliss;最初源自拉丁语的abolere,意为取消。
    更多>>今日热词
    目录 应用 附录 查词历史