abject

  扩展词汇  
['æbdʒekt]     ['æbdʒekt]    
  • adj.卑贱的;不幸的;可怜的
abjectly abjectness
new

abject是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

双解释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 凄惨的,绝望的 hopeless; of as low quality as possible
  2. 卑鄙的,下贱的 not having any respect for oneself; not proud or brave

行业释义

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abject : 卑鄙的, 无 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. of the most contemptible kind;

    "abject cowardice"
    "a low stunt to pull"
    "a low-down sneak"
    "his miserable treatment of his family"
    "You miserable skunk!"
    "a scummy rabble"
    "a scurvy trick"

  2. most unfortunate or miserable;

    "the most abject slaves joined in the revolt"
    "abject poverty"

  3. showing utter resignation or hopelessness;

    "abject surrender"

  4. showing humiliation or submissiveness;

    "an abject apology"

abject的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. She was not aware that the English habits of comfort attach an idea of abject misery to the idea of a barefootedtraveller.
    她不了解英国人出于爱舒服的习惯总把一个赤脚的旅行者看成最可怜的人。

常见句型

用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语
  1. The old couple lived in abject poverty.
    这对老夫妇生活赤贫。
  2. A third of the total population of the world are living in abject poverty.
    全世界有三分之一的人口过着极其贫困的生活。
  3. She screamed in abject terror.
    她由于极度的恐惧而尖叫起来。
  4. This led to his abject failure.
    这导致了他的惨败。
  5. This policy has turned out to be an abject failure.
    这一政策最后以惨败告终。
  6. He is an abject liar.
    他是一个卑鄙的说谎者。
  7. The soldier deserted like an abject coward.
    那个士兵像一个可耻的胆小鬼一样开了小差。
  8. Even the most abject slaves joined in the revolt.
    连卑贱的奴隶都加入了造反的行列。
用作表语
  1. He is almost abject in his respect for his boss.
    他对老板的尊敬几乎是低三下四。
  2. He is poor but not abject in his manner.
    他穷,但行为并不卑屈。

常用短语

用作形容词 (adj.)
in an abject way
  1. 自卑地

词汇搭配

用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词

经典引文

  • The most abject poverty is preferable to domestic service.

    出自:F. Trollope
  • The abject heirs of an illustrious name.

    出自:Ld Macaulay

abject的详细讲解:

词语用法

adj.(形容词)
  1. abject的基本意思有二,用于生活环境、事物的状态等时指“凄惨的,糟透的,可怜的,蹩脚的,绝望无助的”,即境况极为恶劣,有时仅指事物本身等级低或规模小;用于人或人的行为、动作时指“卑鄙的,可鄙的,下贱的,自卑的,怯懦的,奴性的,卑躬屈节的”,即地位卑下或奴颜卑膝。abject还可作“被抛弃的,遭拒绝的”解,是废语。
  2. abject作“凄惨的,绝望的”解时在句中只用作定语;作“卑鄙的,下贱的”解时在句中多用作定语,偶尔(尤在美语中)也可用作表语。
  3. abject不用于比较等级,但可用more、most修饰。
  4. abject还可用作名词,意思是“弃儿”。

词义辨析

adj.(形容词)
abject,mean, ignoble,sordid
这组词都用于指人、人的行为以及人们所处的条件非常低劣、卑下以致失去人类的尊严或不符合人类生活、品质的普遍准则的意思,其区别是:
abject一般指境况极为恶劣,地位卑下或奴颜卑膝,有时仅指事物本身等级低或规模小;sordid强调作风上和思想上的腐化或堕落;mean暗示狠毒、贪婪等为人类社会所不齿的卑鄙、自私的行为或态度;而ignoble则指思想境界或灵魂低下,但通常不含自私、小气的意思。例如:
The prostitute wrote a book about her sordid life. 那妓女写了一本关于自己腐化生活的书。
How could anyone so mean! 一个人怎么能如此不要脸!
To betray one's country is ignoble. 叛国是为人所不齿的。
a mean motive卑鄙的动机
That was a mean remark.那是带有恶意的话。
He is mean over money matters.他在钱的方面很吝啬。
It was mean of you to eat all the peaches.你把桃子全吃光了,真不害羞。
He took mean advantage of me.他用卑鄙的手段欺骗了我。
an ignoble man卑鄙无耻的人
an ignoble action卑鄙的行为
a sorbid practice卑鄙的手法
sorbid desires低贱的欲望
He probably had his own sorbid reasons for behaving like that.他那样做大概也有其卑鄙的理由。

abject的海词问答与网友补充:

提问补充

abject的相关资料:

正版词典

abject : 卑鄙的,下 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
abject : 绝望无助的 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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  • abject:abject adj. 卑鄙的, 可怜的 英英解释:形容词abject:1. of the most contemptible kind同义词:low, low-down, miserable, sc…

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