aberration

  畅通词汇  
[ˌæbə'reɪʃn]     [ˌæbə'reɪʃn]    
  • n. 越轨;误差;偏差;失常
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aberration的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 变型
  2. 越轨,脱离常轨,离开正道
  3. 【医】精神错乱,心理失常,乖常
  4. 【物】像差,色差
  5. 偏差
  6. 错乱,失常
  7. 一时的记错
  8. 【律】过失,犯规
  9. 【生】畸变
  10. 【天】光行差

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C] [U] 偏差;越轨;错乱 a change away from one's usual way of thinking or of behaving

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a state or condition markedly different from the norm

  2. a disorder in one's mental state

  3. an optical phenomenon resulting from the failure of a lens or mirror to produce a good image

aberration的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. These events were aberrations from the norm.
    这些事件不合常规。
  2. The resultant defect is known as chromatic aberration.
    由此而产生的缺陷叫做色差。
  3. She hit him in a moment of aberration.
    她一时精神失常打了他。
  4. Owing to a strange mental aberration he forgot his own name.
    由于一种莫名的精神错乱,他把自己的名字忘了。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
用作主语
  1. The aberrations of his youth had long been forgotten.
    他年轻时的荒唐事早就置之脑后了。
  2. There is an aberration in the computer program.
    电脑程序中有个错误。
用作表语
  1. A lie is an aberrantion from the truth.
    谎言是对真理的歪曲。
  2. This is a temporary aberration and will soon be put right.
    这是暂时的偏差,很快就会被纠正。
  3. He said that the decline in the company's sales last month was just a temporary aberration.
    他说公司上个月销售额的下降是一个暂时的失常现象。
用作动词宾语
  1. I'm sorry I'm late — I had a mental aberration and forgot we had a meeting today.
    对不起我迟到了——我一时头脑糊涂,忘记了今天要开会。
  2. Some patients develop aberrations of taste and smell after some surgical procedure.
    在接受某种外科手术后有些病人的味觉和嗅觉会发生异常的变化。
用作介词宾语
  1. He dismissed the defeat as a temporary aberrantion.
    他把这次失败看作是暂时的失常,不再去想它。
  2. The delay was caused by an aberration in the computer.
    那次耽误是由电脑的差错造成的。
  3. His peculiarities are no more than harmless aberrations.
    他的怪诞不过是轻度的心理失常罢了。
  4. She hit her husband in a moment of aberration.
    她一时精神错乱而打了她丈夫
  5. She drank his coffee in a moment of aberration.
    她一时糊涂喝了他的咖啡。
  6. He stole the lady's money in a moment of aberration.
    他一时糊涂偷了那位太太的钱。
  7. In a moment of aberration, she agreed to go with him.
    她一时糊涂,同意和他一起去。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
~+名词

经典引文

  • The slightest aberration would plunge him into a morass.

    出自: Sir W. Scott
  • A pattern from which she was careful to allow no aberration.

    出自: George Eliot

aberration的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. aberrantion的基本意思是“偏差”,一是偏离“正”,即偏离真理,偏离真实,偏离事实;二是偏离“常”,即偏离常轨,简言之即“偏离正常”,多用于思想、行为、道德等方面。可用作不可数名词,也可用作可数名词。
  2. aberrantion也可指“偏离正常的人或事”,这时用作可数名词。
  3. aberrant用作术语生物学上指“畸形;畸变”;医学上指“(轻度的)心理失常”;物理学上指“像差,色差”;天文学上指“光行差”。
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