abandon

  核心词汇  
[ə'bændən]     [ə'bændən]    
  • v.放弃;抛弃;放纵
  • n.放纵
abandonment abandoned abandoned abandoning abandons
new

abandon是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 放弃,舍弃,弃绝
  2. 遗弃,抛弃,离弃(家园、飞机、船只等)
  3. 放纵 ,纵情,使听任,无拘无束,沉湎于,使沉溺于(oneself)
  4. 断绝,戒除
  5. 【律】遗弃(妻子)
  6. 【保险】投保,委付
  7. 撇开,抛开,离开
  8. 丢弃,扔弃
  9. 搁置,取消,中止,停止
  10. 使屈从
  11. 【航空学】(机上人员)弃机(跳伞)
n.(名词)
  1. 放任,任性,放纵,放肆,纵情,无拘无束,不顾一切
  2. 狂放,狂热,一往情深

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 放弃; 舍弃; 离开 leave a place, especially because it is difficult or dangerous to stay there
  2. vt. 离弃; 遗弃; 抛弃 leave completely and forever; desert; leave sb when you should stay with them and look after them
  3. vt. 放弃; 中止 give up or bring an end to (sth), especially without finishing it or gaining the intended result
n.(名词)
  1. [U]〈书〉放任; 放纵 an uncontrolled way of behaving that shows that sb does not care what other people think

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
abandon : 放弃, 抛弃 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
abandon : 放弃, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
abandon : 放弃 ...
在 《外教社商务英语词典》 中查看更多...
abandon : 放弃, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
abandon : 委付,放弃 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
abandon : 拒收;作废 ...
在 《外教社市场营销英语词典》 中查看更多...
abandon : 放弃 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the trait of lacking restraint or control; reckless freedom from inhibition or worry;

    "she danced with abandon"

  2. a feeling of extreme emotional intensity;

    "the wildness of his anger"

Verb:
  1. forsake, leave behind;

    "We abandoned the old car in the empty parking lot"

  2. give up with the intent of never claiming again;

    "Abandon your life to God"
    "She gave up her children to her ex-husband when she moved to Tahiti"
    "We gave the drowning victim up for dead"

  3. leave behind empty; move out of;

    "You must vacate your office by tonight"

  4. stop maintaining or insisting on; of ideas or claims;

    "He abandoned the thought of asking for her hand in marriage"
    "Both sides have to give up some claims in these negotiations"

  5. leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch;

    "The mother deserted her children"

abandon的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Those who abandon themselves to despair can not succeed.
    那些自暴自弃的人无法成功。
  2. Despite some difficulties, they're not going to abandon the plan.
    尽管他们遇到了一些困难,但并不打算放弃这个计划。
  3. The cruel man abandoned his wife and child.
    那个狠心的男人抛弃了他的妻儿。
  4. They abandon themselves to drinking.
    他们沉湎于饮酒。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He signed cheques with careless abandon.
    他无所顾忌地乱开支票。
  2. The cheerleader waved his arms with wild abandon.
    拉拉队队长疯狂地挥舞双臂。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Jackson has abandoned his old car.
    杰克逊把他那辆旧车扔了。
  2. The car was badly damaged, so they abandoned it.
    那辆车坏得太厉害了,所以他们丢弃了它。
  3. Snow forced many drivers to abandon their vehicles.
    大雪迫使许多驾车者弃车步行。
  4. You're not supposed to abandon your car on the motorway.
    你不应当把车丢在快车道上。
  5. The crew abandoned the sinking ship after a hard struggle.
    一番艰苦搏斗之后,船员们放弃了正在下沉的船。
  6. We were sinking fast, and the captain gave the order to abandon the ship.
    我们在迅速地下沉,船长下令弃船。
  7. When the fire got out of control, the captain told the sailors to abandon the ship.
    当火势已无法控制时,船长吩咐水手弃船逃生。
  8. The enemy abandoned the city and fled.
    敌军弃城而逃。
  9. People often simply abandon their pets when they go abroad.
    人们出国时常常丢下宠物不管,一走了之。
  10. The people abandoned the village before the soldiers came.
    人们在士兵到来前就逃离了村庄。
  11. Most of the villagers have abandoned their homes and fled.
    大部分村民弃家逃走了。
  12. He abandoned his desolate home and set out on a long journey.
    他放弃了荒芜的家园,出远门去了。
  13. Tens of thousands of people have been forced to abandon their homes and native villages since the war broke out.
    自从这场战争爆发以来,几万人被迫离乡背井。
  14. The cruel man abandoned his wife and children.
    这个狠心的男子抛弃了他的妻室和儿女。
  15. I'm sorry I abandoned you like that.
    很抱歉我那样突然抛下你走了。
  16. She abandoned her husband and children and went off with another man.
    她抛弃了自己的丈夫和孩子,跟另外一个男人跑了。
  17. He abandoned his wife and children for another woman.
    他抛弃妻儿,另觅新欢。
  18. Long before the kingdom was overthrown the ministers had already abandoned the old king.
    在这个王国被推翻以前,大臣们早已不忠于年迈的国王了。
  19. The country abandoned its political leaders after the war.
    战后该国人民不再拥护他们的政治领袖。
  20. We will never abandon our principles.
    我们应该坚持原则。
  21. She abandoned her journey temporarily.
    她暂时放弃了旅行。
  22. He despairingly abandoned his search.
    他绝望地放弃了寻找。
  23. They had to abandon the match because of rain.
    因为下雨,他们只好中止比赛。
  24. The bad weather forced them to abandon their search.
    恶劣的天气迫使他们中止了搜寻工作。
  25. They abandoned their attempts to escape.
    他们放弃了逃跑的尝试。
  26. He abandoned the whole idea.
    他完全放弃了那个想法。
  27. They had abandoned all hope.
    他们已经放弃了一切希望。
  28. I abandoned my hope of being a doctor.
    我放弃了当医生的希望。
  29. I have abandoned hope of any reconciliation.
    我已对任何和解都不再抱希望。
  30. They abandoned all hope of finding the child.
    他们放弃了找到这个孩子的一切希望。
  31. The family had abandoned all hope of finding him alive.
    家人对他的生还已经不抱任何希望。
  32. The commander decided to abandon the plan for an all-out offensive.
    指挥官决定放弃全面进攻的计划。
  33. The scientist abandoned his research for lack of fund.
    由于资金不足,这位科学家放弃了他的研究工作。
  34. By 1930 he had abandoned his Marxist principles.
    到1930年他已放弃了马克思主义信念。
  35. The party has now abandoned its earlier commitment to restoring full employment.
    该党现已放弃早先关于恢复充分就业的承诺。
  36. Despite current problems, they have not abandoned their commitment to the peace process.
    尽管目前还有许多问题,但他们并未放弃对和平进程的承诺。
  37. The doctor advised me to abandon smoking.
    医生劝我戒烟。
  38. Ade urged me to abandon the habit of smoking.
    艾德敦促我戒烟。
  39. My memory abandoned me completely at one point.
    在某一点上我完全记不起来了。
  40. 用于be ~ed结构
  41. The building has been abandoned for a number of years.
    这幢房屋已弃置多年。
  42. The coastal settlements were abandoned in the 19th century.
    沿海的定居点废弃于19世纪。
  43. When the rebel troops arrived, the village had already been abandoned.
    叛军到达时村里已空无一人。
  44. The drought areas were not abandoned.
    干旱地区没有被人置之不理。
  45. The baby had been abandoned by its mother.
    这个婴儿被母亲遗弃了。
  46. She was abandoned by her boyfriend.
    她被男友抛弃了。
  47. Hardy felt that he had been abandoned by all his followers.
    哈迪觉得所有的追随者都背弃了自己。
  48. This project should not be abandoned.
    这项工程不能下马。
  49. The game had to be abandoned because of crowd trouble.
    由于观众滋事,比赛只得中止。
  50. The search was abandoned when night came, even though the child had not been found.
    当夜幕降临时,搜寻便停止了,尽管失踪的孩子还没有找到。
  51. The searching for the missing child was abandoned after two weeks.
    两星期后他们放弃了搜救那名失踪的小孩。
  52. The plan was abandoned for some reason.
    这项计划由于某种原因而被放弃了。
  53. By this time, the steady state theory of the universe had been largely abandoned.
    到此时,宇宙稳态论大半已被扬弃。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +as adj.
  1. They abandoned it as useless.
    他们认为它没有用便把它丢弃了。
其他
  1. An abandoned baby was found in a box on the hospital steps.
    在医院台阶上的一个盒子里发现了一个弃婴。
  2. The police found the abandoned car.
    警察找到了那辆被丢弃的汽车。
  3. She threw off her cloak with an abandoned gesture.
    她以一种放纵的姿势脱掉了斗篷。
  4. When her boyfriend left her, she felt very abandoned.
    当男朋友离开她时,她觉得被抛弃了。
  5. The car was found abandoned near the village.
    那辆汽车被发现丢弃在村子附近。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
abandon for (v.+prep.)
  1. 放弃〔停止〕…而从事〔进行〕…stop sth to do a different thing abandon sth for sth

    She abandoned law for the fine arts.她放弃法律而改学美术。

    In his early days he abandoned medicine for literature.他早年弃医从文。

    She abandoned paganism for Christianity.她放弃异教而改信基督教。

    He abandoned the pen for the sword.他投笔从戎。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Contemplation was abandoned for action.停止思考,起而行动。

abandon to (v.+prep.)
  1. 使全然陷入give (sth/sb/oneself) completely to (sth such as a feeling or condition, or sb) abandon sb/sth to sth/sb

    We won't abandon her to the mercy of the criminal.我们不会弃她不顾而听任罪犯摆布。

    They abandoned the city to the conqueror.他们把那个城市丢弃给征服者。

    They had to abandon their lands and property to the invading forces.他们不得不放弃土地和财产,让侵略军占领。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The affairs of the nation have been abandoned to dishonest politicians.治国大权已落入诡诈的政客手中。

    The study showed a deep fear among the elderly of being abandoned to the care of strangers.研究表明,老人十分害怕被丢给陌生人照管。

    abandon sb/sth to one's fate

    He abandoned his daughter to her fate.他遗弃了女儿,任其受命运摆布。

    They abandoned us to our fate.他们撒手不管,让我们听天由命。

    He abandoned it to its fate.对此事他无可奈何,只得听其自然。

    He abandoned everyone else to their fate and fled to safety.他不管他人死活,独自逃生。

    abandon oneself to sth/v-ing

    Don't abandon yourself to despair.不要悲观失望。

    He abandoned himself to despair.他陷入绝望。

    He abandoned himself to excessive grief.他陷入过度的哀伤之中。

    After her mother died, she abandoned herself to grief.母亲死后,她沉浸于悲痛之中。

    The rich man abandoned himself to pleasures.这个有钱人沉溺于寻欢作乐。

    Do not abandon yourself to pleasures.不可一味享乐。

    The young man abandoned himself to dissipation.这个年轻人过着放荡的生活.

    They abandoned themselves to intemperance.他们饮酒无度。

    She abandoned herself to the serene landscape.她沉浸在宁静的景色之中。

    You should not abandon yourself to eating and drinking.你不应该过于贪图吃喝。

    The sailors abandoned themselves to drinking.水手们纵情饮酒。

用作名词 (n.)
with〔in〕 abandon
  1. 尽情地; 放纵地in an uncontrolled way, as if you do not care what the result will be

    The child cried with abandon. 这孩子放声大哭。

    The kids were splashing paint with abandon. 孩子们任意地泼洒着颜料。

    The fans cheered with abandon when their football team won. 当他们的足球队踢赢时,球迷们便疯狂地欢呼。

    The food was consumed with joyous abandon. 大家痛快地将食物吃个精光。

    His supporters screamed with wild abandon. 替他捧场的人疯狂地尖叫。

    The children sang and danced with a most charming abandon that day. 那天孩子们尽情地唱歌跳舞,可爱极了。

    The football fans cheered with passionate abandon. 足球迷们热烈地尽情欢呼。

    The gypsies danced with gay abandon. 吉普赛人纵情地跳舞。

    The kids hurled pieces of wood on the fire with gay abandon. 孩子们尽情地往火堆里扔木块。

    He signed cheques with careless abandon. 他无所顾忌地乱开支票。

    This year holiday shoppers are spending money with reckless abandon. 今年的假日购物者花钱毫无顾忌。

    People were shouting and cheering in gay abandon. 人们兴高采烈,纵情欢呼。

    They shouted in wild abandon. 他们狂呼乱叫。

    The grapes grew in wild abandon. 葡萄长疯了。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
介词+~

经典引文

  • Fortune to her law cannot abandune me.

    出自:J. Skelton

abandon的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. abandon的基本意思是“弃”。一是指因困难或危险(尤指因匆忙或想要逃跑)不得已而放弃某物或者离开某地,即停止行使权力或所有权的实施而“离弃”“放弃”“舍弃”或“丢弃”; 二是指不顾责任或义务而“离弃”“遗弃”或“抛弃”某人,如需要抚养的儿女、需要赡养的父母或者需要照顾的伤残病人等; 三是指中途停止已经开始或正在进行而尚未完成或取得成果的工作、事业,“放弃”某种信仰、希望或想法,“背弃”某种诺言而停止实施帮助或支持,“戒除”某种行为或说话方式以及不良习惯等。
  2. abandon所指的“放弃”强调“永远”和“完全”。其动机既可以是正确的,也可以是不正确的; 既可以是被迫的,也可以是出于逃避责任的主观故意。
  3. abandon一般用作及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语,有时还可接以“as+形容词”充当补足语的复合宾语,可用于被动结构。abandon的主语通常是人。作“离弃”“遗弃”解时宾语为人,其后常接介词短语to sth;作“放弃”“舍弃”解时宾语为物,其后常接介词短语to sb/sth。
  4. abandon可用于一般现在时、一般过去时、一般将来时或完成时态,一般不用于现在进行时态。
  5. abandon oneself to常用于正式文体中,意思是“陷于某种情感或状态中”,介词to之后一般接表示某种感情或欲望的词作宾语。
  6. abandon的过去分词abandoned可用作形容词,意思是“被遗弃的”“纵情的,恣意的”,在句中常用作定语,偶尔也可用作表语或宾语补足语。
n.(名词)
  1. abandon用作名词时的意思是“放任; 尽情; 任意; 放纵”,常用于介词短语with〔in〕 abandon中。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
abandon, desert, forsake, give up, leave, quit
1.abandon的宾语可以是对其负有权利和义务的人(朋友、妻室儿女等)、物或事物(计划、希望、意见、职业等),例如:
He abandoned medicine for literature.他弃医从文。
desert的宾语主要是职责或应尽的义务; forsake的宾语可以是某种宗教信仰或爱好等,也可以是某人曾经一度爱慕或依恋过的人或物。例如:
She forsook her worldly possessions to devote herself to the church.她抛弃所有而献身教会。
2.leave为普通用语,表示一般的“离开”,与off搭配时表示“放弃”,例如:
It's time you left off that childish habit of thought.你该放弃那种孩子似的思维习惯了。
abandon强调不负责任,丢弃不顾,永远和完全放弃,例如:
I would never abandon any friends.我永远不会遗弃我的朋友。
desert强调背信弃义,违背允诺、誓言或逃避责任,为法律或道德所不容; forsake强调断绝感情上的依恋,含有并不违背法律和道德规范的意味; quit表示突然地、仓促地放弃; give up包含有abandon, quit或leave的意思。
3.在原因或动机上, abandon, leave, give up可以是主动的、自愿的,也可以是被迫的、勉强的; quit则是主动的、自愿的,例如:
I'd had enough, so I quit.我受够了,所以我辞职不干了。
abandon desert leave give up forsake
这些动词或词组均含“抛弃、放弃”之意
  • abandon:abandon强调永远或完全放弃或抛弃人或事物等,这可能是被迫的,也可能是自愿的。
  • desert:desert着重指违背法律责任和义务,或自己的信仰与誓言的行为,多含非难的意味。
  • leave:leave普通用词,指舍弃某事或某一职业,或终止同一某人的关系,但不涉及动机与结果。
  • give up:give up普通用语,侧重指没有希望或因外界压力而放弃。
  • forsake:forsake侧重断绝感情上的依恋,自愿抛弃所喜欢的人或物。也指抛弃信仰或改掉恶习。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自古法语的abandoner,意为投降,放任。

abandon的海词问答与网友补充:

提问补充

abandon的相关资料:

正版词典

abandon : 放弃,离弃 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...
abandon : 放弃,抛弃 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

派生词

n.(名词)
  • abandonment n. 遗弃,放弃

互动百科

  • abandon:片名: 失魂落魄 小心,女人! 永不放弃 魂牵梦萦 Abandon 主演: 本杰明·布拉特 Benjamin Bratt Wade Handler 托尼·高德温 Tony Goldwyn Dr. Da…

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